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Understanding the Most Common ENT Problems Among Children

Due to immature structural parts of the eyes, nose, and throat problems, children are prone to ENT problems. For instance, their eustachian tube (part of the ear) is shorter among children and it doesn’t open until the child reaches the puberty stage that makes them at greater risk of developing middle ear infections. Their sinuses are developed completely at the age of 8 and their adenoids and tonsils are usually large, shrinking when they reach teenage years. Because children may not be able to fully express themselves, some ENT conditions are left untreated and undetected, resulting in inadequate management.

The different types of ear infections among children are external ear infections, middle ear infections or acute otitis media, and middle ear effusion or fluid (OME or otitis media with effusion). Due to swimming and using cotton buds excessively, external ear infections occur leading to bacterial growth and infection to the outer ear canal. When it comes to the right treatment and intervention, your child needs to avoid swimming and he needs to be checked by an ENT doctor who will be prescribing the right antibiotic eardrop and clean your child’s ear with suction.

Acute otitis media or middle ear infection refers to an ear infection usually brought about by spreading of upper respiratory tract infections, infecting the middle ear. Fever, ear pain, and hearing loss are the common signs and symptoms of acute otitis media. Because of pus bursting and spreading in the eardrum, purulent ear discharge may result. The treatment for acute otitis media includes analgesics for pain relief and antibiotics for infection. If there is perforation of eardrums, antibiotic eardrops, suction ear cleaning, and oral medications will be required.

The most common pediatric nasal conditions include allergy, epistaxis (nosebleed), and chronic sinusitis. The signs and symptoms of nasal allergy include a runny nose or rhinorrhea, sneezing, itchiness, and blockage. House dust mite is a common allergen as well as food. Antihistamines, nasal sprays, and allergen avoidance are the interventions given to nasal allergy. Due to the thin mucosal layer of children’s nasal cavity, they are prone to nasal bleeding caused by trauma, blowing, rubbing or infection.

When it comes to the most common throat conditions experienced by children, they include a chronic cough, snoring, and obstructive apnea. Because of pharyngitis, chronic cough occurs lasting up to two weeks. Disrupted sleep happens due to nocturnal coughing. Snoring with gasping spells may result leading to obstructive sleep apnea causing behavioral changes.

An Eastside ENT specialist is willing to help you. It is best to only trust a reliable, expert, and experienced ENT doctor for your child’s health.

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